The hottest two sessions said that several groups

2022-08-13
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The number of the two sessions says China: several sets of key data take you into innovative China in the next five years

release date: Source: Xinhua Views: 2082 copyright and disclaimer

core tips: "the 14th five year plan" and the draft outline of long-term goals for 2035 were submitted to the fourth session of the 13th National People's Congress for review on the 5th. The draft of the 14th five year plan and the 2035 long-term goal outline were submitted to the fourth session of the 13th National People's Congress for review on the 5th. Strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength, and fight for key core technologies, highlighting the weight of innovation; Quantum information, brain science, aerospace technology and many other terms are expected to appear

how will innovation change China in the next five years? We will "decode" several groups of key data together

[more than 7%: how to understand the "innovation" index of screen brushing?]

"the average annual growth of the whole society's R & D investment is more than 7%, and the investment intensity is higher than the actual situation during the 13th Five Year Plan period". This sentence was quickly brushed on the screen

scientific and technological innovation cannot be separated from the support of scientific research funds. To a certain extent, stretch after parallel grinding; Development input is regarded as an important indicator to measure "innovation"

during the "13th five year plan" period, China's total social R & D investment increased from 1.42 trillion in 2015 to about 2.4 trillion in 2020

in the next five years, the average annual growth rate of more than 7% means that greater efforts should be made to integrate and optimize the scientific and technological resources of the whole society, and China's pace of building an innovative country will be accelerated

the increase of R & D investment is not only the increase of numbers, but also the change of structure

the proportion of basic research investment in R & D investment has increased to more than 8%, and the number of high-value invention patents per 10000 people has reached 12 - these two numbers deserve attention in the draft planning outline

during the "13th five year plan" period, China's basic research expenditure nearly doubled, accounting for more than 6% of the total social R & D expenditure at the end of the "13th five year plan"

"we still need to continue to make up for weaknesses and strengths in basic research, disruptive technological innovation, and the transformation of scientific and technological innovation achievements." Xu Xiaolan, President of China Industrial interconnection Research Institute, said that the arrangement of a series of indicators such as invention patents shows that we place more emphasis on the quality of innovation

[17%: are you above the "tuyere" in Zhuang's strategic emerging industries?]

the focus of economic development is the real economy, and today's technology often incubates tomorrow's industry

while clarifying a series of innovation indicators, the draft planning outline specifically proposes to build a new pillar of the industrial system and plan for future industries

a strategic emerging industry is a new kinetic energy "incubator". In 2019, the added value of China's strategic emerging industries accounted for more than 11% of GDP. In the draft planning outline, this proportion exceeds 17%

"China's economic development has turned to a high-quality development stage, and the transformation of the stage requires the continuous rise of the industrial value chain. The setting of goals reflects the determination to promote the upgrading of the industrial base and the modernization of the industrial chain." Peng Shou, an academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering, said

the draft planning outline proposes to focus on the new generation of information technology, biotechnology, new energy, new materials, and the data collected automatically during the rapid contraction is very different from the data collected during the slow contraction or static contraction. High end equipment, new energy vehicles, green environmental protection, aerospace, marine equipment and other strategic emerging industries, and accelerate the innovative application of key core technologies

in these areas, there are both "long boards" that we need to maintain our advantages and "short boards" that need to be supplemented. If we can build a new pillar of the industrial system at a faster speed, we can better grasp the initiative of development

brain intelligence, quantum information, genetic technology, future networks... The draft planning outline focuses on the forefront, organizes and implements the incubation and acceleration plan of future industries, and plans to layout a number of future industries. Member zhaochanglu, Secretary of the Party committee of Beijing University of technology, believes that the rapid and accurate realization of the layout of future industries is conducive to seizing opportunities for development

[56%: significantly increase the penetration rate, 5g "" how to go in the future?]

the draft of the planning outline clearly stipulates to accelerate the large-scale deployment of 5g networks, increase the user penetration to 56%, and promote the upgrading of gigabit optical networks. Look forward to the layout of 6G network technology reserves

5g is the information base for a large number of innovations, and it is also an important support for many industrial upgrading

in the past year, the number of 5g base stations in China has increased at an average rate of more than 10000 per week. At present, the number of 5g terminal connections in China exceeds 200million

the "56%" proposed in the draft planning outline means that hundreds of millions of equipment are interconnected, and 5g will penetrate and extend to a broader range of counties, towns and villages. The vertical and horizontal network has laid a solid foundation for Digital China and will also give birth to more applications and scenarios

what kind of future will 5g "" bring

"this year and in the next five years, we will build a systematic 5g network, and 5g vertical application scenarios will be further expanded." Xiaoyaqing, Minister of industry and information technology, said on the "Ministerial channel"

more intensive deployment of base stations will greatly enhance the 5g experience; Focus on key industries, and more intelligent operations will appear...

undeniably, 5g applications are still in their infancy. The next five years will be a critical period for 5g development. Accelerate the large-scale deployment of networks, break through the difficulties and blockages in the development of integrated applications, and accelerate the coming of an intelligent, ubiquitous and imaginative future

[10%: the proportion of core industries has increased. What is the new picture of Digital China?]

the draft planning outline is a separate article, focusing on "Digital China". In 2025, the added value of core industries in the digital economy will increase to 10% of GDP

industry is the foundation of Digital China

China regards cloud computing, big data, IOT, industrial interconnection, blockchain, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and augmented reality as key industries of digital economy

"forming a strong information support ability can speed up the use of numbers to 'empower' more fields." Many representatives and members in the field of digital economy believed that the proposed value-added index of core industries of digital economy was aimed at releasing the "N-power" effect of innovation and aligning the plumb bob of equipment

Digital China covers digital society, digital government and digital ecology, including all aspects of food, clothing, housing and transportation, except creatinine

promote the digitization of shopping and consumption, home life, tourism and leisure, transportation, education and medical treatment and other scenes... Bits and pieces of the new picture are outlined in the draft planning outline

"in the next decade, technologies such as autonomous driving, machine translation and digital city operation will transform from quantitative change to qualitative change." Robin Lee, chairman of Baidu, said that the full industrialization of digital technology will reshape the economic structure and production relations and usher in a more creative era

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