The hottest two sessions, wind power policy helps

2022-08-17
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Two sessions on wind power: policies help lay the foundation for science and technology 2018 wind power is about to write a new chapter

the proportion of coal consumption decreased by 8.1 percentage points, and the proportion of clean energy consumption increased by 6.3 percentage points... This series of figures in the report clearly outlines the basic outline of China's energy development in the five years since the first session of the 12th National People's Congress

looking back over the past five years, China's energy industry has been carrying out the "five development concepts" throughout the whole process. The development of the wind power industry has been advancing all the way, and the quality of industrial development has continued to rise, releasing endless vitality for the global energy transformation

leading the market as a major exhibitor

in the past five years, the application scale of China's wind power market has been expanding, and both the new market and the cumulative application volume rank first in the world

the time goes back to 2013, when the cumulative combined installed capacity of wind power in China has not yet reached 100million kW, and only three offshore wind power enterprises have layout in intertidal projects. Until 2014, the pace of wind power construction gradually accelerated, the industry fully warmed up, and then made great progress. In February 2015, it officially entered the "100 million kilowatt club", becoming the first energy type to complete the installation target of the 12th Five Year Plan among all types of power generation in China. By the end of 2017, the cumulative and installed capacity of wind power in China had reached 164 million KW, accounting for 9.2% of the total installed capacity of power generation, and the installed capacity continued to lead the world

at the same time, offshore wind power has shown a strong development trend, and has jumped to the third largest market in the world. Many energy enterprises take offshore wind power as the business strategy and core of new energy, accelerate the layout, and promote large-scale centralized and continuous development

in addition to the above aspects, the economic and social benefits generated by the renewable energy industry represented by wind power are increasingly apparent

according to the research report released by relevant institutions, China's wind power generation will replace nearly 60million tons of standard coal in 2015. By 2030, China's wind power generation will reduce fossil energy consumption by nearly 300 million tons of standard coal, which is almost equivalent to France's total primary energy consumption that can measure impact force and impact rate in 2015. By 2030, China's wind power and photovoltaic power generation will save 3.6 billion cubic meters of water, equivalent to the annual basic water consumption of 200million people. In terms of environmental benefits, the subsidy for wind power in Zhangjiakou, Hebei Province in 2016 was lower than the external environmental benefits of the unit, only 0.14 yuan per kilowatt hour

according to the report, during 2016-2030, the cumulative investment of wind power generation was about 5.4 trillion yuan, and the total GDP growth was about 14.3 trillion yuan. Social benefits are more obvious. In addition to solving the problem of electricity consumption in non electricity areas at low cost, direct and indirect employment will reach 7.7 million by 2030

now, a gust of wind blows, and the vision of lighting up thousands of lights is shining into reality. From the southwest woodland to the southeast coast, rows of towering fans can be seen in areas with abundant wind resources, turning the weathering over China into real value

scientific and technological innovation shows international style

combined with the rapid progress of wind power installation, it is the continuous innovation and progress in the technical field of China's wind power equipment manufacturing industry

after five years of continuous precipitation and accumulation, a complete wind power industry chain system with global competitiveness covering technology research and development, machine manufacturing, development and construction, standards, testing and certification system, and market operation and maintenance has been hot

in the recent report released by Bloomberg new energy finance, several wind turbine manufacturers in China, including Goldwind technology and vision energy, have ranked in the forefront of the global land and sea wind power market

the rise in the ranking of enterprises is the best evidence of the substantial increase in the overall strength of China's wind power manufacturing industry

in fact, through technology introduction, digestion and absorption, joint design and independent research and development, a number of domestic enterprises have seen the power of wind turbines and the diameter of wind turbines expand year by year, and the research and development process of multi megawatt wind turbines is accelerating. Wind turbines are more intelligent and differentiated in design, and many customized units suitable for different environmental and climatic conditions have been developed

at present, China has also introduced many new personalized technologies from the aspects of blade design and transmission chain layout, such as the starting form of a production line, tower structure, control system, etc., which can withstand experimental forces as small as a few 10cm (such as spandex for textile). Previously, the industry generally believed that resource areas with wind speeds below 6 meters/second did not have economic development value. However, due to the increase of wind turbine diameter, the improvement of airfoil efficiency, the intellectualization of control strategy, the application of ultra-high tower and the refinement of micro site selection, the utilization efficiency of the unit is improved, and the low wind speed resources also have the value of economic development. At present, the annual equivalent full load utilization hours of wind farms with an annual average wind speed of 5 meters/second can also reach about 2000 hours

in addition, the development of large-scale offshore wind turbine technology has also entered the fast lane. At present, a number of MW offshore wind turbine products have been developed and put into commercial use, and the research and development field of offshore wind power technology has also achieved fruitful results, such as the realization of 110 kV and 220 kV submarine cable laying technology, the offshore distance of submarine cable is more than 40 kilometers, and the largest jack up platform ship in China has been put into operation; The largest Rudong 300 MW offshore wind farm in Asia has been put into operation and installed with 5 MW wind turbines and other advanced technologies and equipment; The first Xiangshui offshore wind power project in line with the "double ten" plan has been put into commercial operation, which has solved the world problem that some verticality of a single pile should be controlled by three thousandths, and the offshore wind power research has also made a certain breakthrough

after five years of intensive cultivation, at present, a considerable number of energy equipment manufacturing enterprises in China have jumped from the initial "catcher" to the "leader" in this field and won countless praises at home and abroad. By the end of 2017, China's wind power exports had reached 3.4 million KW, and the export countries covered the United States, Britain, France, Australia and other nearly more than 34 countries and regions, with the overseas market share further expanded

the policy is to help industrial development

the remarkable achievements made by the wind power industry are inseparable from the continuous release of policy dividends. Over the past five years, China's energy authorities have taken various measures to adapt to the situation in many aspects, such as industrial layout, planning guidance, market supervision and electricity price subsidies, and have built a clear and effective three-dimensional and combined policy system for the industry, constantly promoting the sustainable and healthy development of China's wind power industry

in terms of promoting wind power consumption, the "13th five year plan" for renewable energy development was issued, aiming at areas with abundant wind power resources but limited local consumption capacity in the "Three North" region, actively coordinating power companies to increase the construction of power transmission channels to achieve cross provincial and cross regional consumption of wind power, while guiding wind power investment to low wind speed areas in the Middle East and steadily promoting offshore wind power construction with relatively slow development during the "12th Five Year Plan". At the same time, we should strengthen the guidance, monitoring and assessment of renewable energy targets, innovate development methods, promote technological progress and reduce costs, and take multiple measures to expand the source of subsidy funds; The "implementation plan for solving the problem of water, wind and light abandonment" has been issued, and a number of safeguard measures have been set up from the aspects of improving the development and utilization mechanism, giving full play to the role of electricity as a key platform, and expanding local consumption through multiple channels. The provincial power operation management department is required to reserve the guaranteed purchased electricity of renewable energy power generation within the planning when preparing the annual priority power generation and priority power purchase plan, And work with the energy management department to do a good job in the connection between the guaranteed acquisition of renewable energy power generation and the market-oriented transaction of electricity; The notice on Piloting the renewable energy green power certificate issuance and voluntary subscription trading system was issued to gradually reduce the intensity of government subsidies, balance the differences in quota indicators in different regions, ensure the realization of non fossil energy consumption goals and related planning and development goals, and the notice on carrying out demonstration work on wind power parity was issued, pointing out the direction of technological and management innovation for further reducing the cost of kwh

in view of the relatively slow development of offshore wind power, the Interim Measures for the management of offshore wind power development and construction and the detailed rules for its implementation were issued. The offshore wind power development was promoted through streamlining administration and delegating power, and the policies on planning, project approval, sea area use, environmental protection, construction and operation were further optimized and adjusted. In combination with the wind energy resources in coastal areas, the progress of the preliminary work of the project and the offshore wind power price policy, The national offshore wind power development and construction plan (2014-2016) was issued to further standardize the offshore wind power market and reduce the risk of offshore wind power development by ensuring the quality of equipment; The issuance of "about appropriately reducing the benchmark electricity price of onshore wind power for photovoltaic power plants" further lowered the price of onshore wind power, while the price of offshore wind power remained unchanged, indicating the determination to steadily promote the development of offshore wind power

in fact, the above series of policies are only an epitome of the country's active promotion of the sustainable and healthy development of China's wind power industry over the past five years. Whether it is the repeated growth and decline of wind power curtailment, the slowdown of growth, or the trend of price reduction, it is an inevitable experience for China to move from a large wind power country to a powerful wind power country, and it is also a necessary problem for the sustainable development of wind power and high-performance materials to help the research and development of new medical equipment

various signs have shown that China's wind power industry will face a more complex situation than in the past. However, it can be predicted that, driven by the implementation of low-carbon development strategy, China's renewable energy will face more opportunities and challenges in the future, and wind power will release more power in the global energy transformation

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